The importance of practical training in engineering education, as emphasized by the AICTE, has motivated the authors to compile the work of various engineering laboratories into a systematic text and practical laboratory book. The manual is written in a simple language and lucid style. It is hoped that students will understand the manual without any difficulty and perform the experiments. The first part of the book has been designed to cover the mechanics and testing of Materials as per ASTM standards. It incorporates basics of mechanics required to handle the latest testing equipment’s for testing of Materials. Later half of the book covers the basic science and properties of materials along with the micro analysis of the materials. Brief theory and basic fundamentals have been incorporated to understand the experiments and for the preparation of lab report independently. Sample calculations have been provided to help the students in tabulating the experimental and theoretical results, comparing and interpreting them within technical frame. The book also covers the general aspects for the preparation of a technical report and precautions to be taken in the laboratories for accurate and save performance of experiments. In end of each experiment questions related to each experiment have been provided to test the depth of knowledge gained by the students. The manual has been prepared as per the general requirements of strength of material laboratory and Material science text laboratories for any graduate and Diploma level class syllabus. Material mechanics, testing and their analysis is an important engineering aspect and its knowledge is applied in almost all industries. We hope that manual would be useful for establishing a new laboratory and for the students of all branches. Any suggestions for further improvement of the manual will be welcome and incorporated in the next edition.